Overseas Migration and its socio-economic Impacts on the Families left behind in Pakistan

A Case study in the Province Punjab, Pakistan

Khan Azhar, Izhar Ahmad

kassel university press, ISBN: 978-3-89958-366-3, 2008, 168 Pages
(International Labor Migration 6)

URN: urn:nbn:de:0002-4895

Zugl.: Kassel, Univ., Diss. 2007

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Content: Pakistan is one of the largest recipients of remittances in the world. They are the country’s major source of foreign exchange, and ten thousands of households depend on them for livelihood, future security investment, or counterbalancing economic risks. The price they have to pay is that a family member is absent for months or years; most often the father of young children or the son who might have important family tasks. In spite of these far-reaching implications, a knowledge gap exists regarding the socio-cultural and economic impacts of overseas migration on the migrants’ families in the home regions. The present research fills this gap by investigating the question how the socio-economic situation of families in the Pakistani Punjab province changes after a family member has migrated to Europe. The investigations covered the economic dynamics, social changes and family relationships by an extensive survey among migrants’ relatives. The results revealed that the quality of life of the migrants’ families was improved in terms of children’s education, housing conditions, income, status and prestige in the society; but it also indicates adverse migration impacts in particular regarding the control over and behaviour of children and adolescents.

Izhar Ahmed Khan was born in Nankana Sahib District, Punjab, Pakistan in 1965. He completed his Bachelor degree at the Univ. of Punjab, Lahore, and received his Master degree at the Univ. of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, Fac. of Agriculture Economics and Rural Sociology, in 1993. He then joined the Punjab Economic Research Institute (Lahore) as a Research Associate, and later the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council as a Scientific Officer. Here he conducted research work in to socio-economic issues of agriculture and rural development in Pakistan, publishing various research papers in peer reviewed journals. In 2003 he joined the Univ. of Kassel, Germany, for his Ph.D. studies and concentrated on the research area of international labour migration, focusing on the socio-economic problems of migrants’ families left behind in Pakistan, a topic which is highly relevant in the context of Pakistan’s economic and social development. Since returning to Pakistan in 2008, he has been engaged in research and teaching at the Govt. College University Faisalabad, Pakistan.

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