Return Migration and Productive Employment in Rural China

Empirical Evidence from Hunan Province

Zhao, Xi

kassel university press, ISBN: 978-3-86219-575-6, 2015, 187 Pages
(International Labor Migration 13)

Zugl.: Kassel, Univ., Diss. 2014

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Content: With the wake of the global financial crisis since 2007, a large number of labor migrant have returned from China’s industrial centers to their rural homes, thus aggravating countryside unemployment problems. The research presented in this book has explored the employment status and its major determinants for these return migrants, focusing on the case of Hunan Province. It finds out that age, child number, house owner-ship, training experience, working experience, saving, and membership in cooperatives are significant determinants of employment for returnees. However, voluntary unemployment exists among rural women and young people. The results illustrate considerable interregional differences in employment status and economic activity. By testing the neoclassi-cal labor market theory, the human capital theory, and the social capital theory the research also contributes theoretical aspects. Its findings help improve policy implications to promote employment in rural areas.

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