Post-Merger-Netzwerk-Integration aus der Sicht von Belly-Fracht am Beispiel der Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines und Swiss

Europäischer Luftfrachtmarkt, Recht und Wettbewerb, Strategie, Kostenfunktion, Netzwerkgestaltung und Modell zur Optimierung der Flugrouten im Kontext von Belly-Fracht

Alram, Johannes

kassel university press, ISBN: 978-3-86219-012-6, 2011, 317 Pages

URN: urn:nbn:de:0002-30135

Zugl.: Kassel, Univ., Diss. 2010

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Content: As a consequence of the consolidation of the European aviation market, smaller and formerly European flag carriers are taken over by the large network airlines. The post-merger-network-integration is the logistically integration phase, where the structures from the flight networks are harmonized and the flight schedules are coordinated in order to enable the concentration of air traffic and to achieve a better variety of flight connections.

The objective of the paper is to identify antitrust law related conditions, conditions of the European aviation market competition, corporate strategy goals and logistic premises of the integration of European flight networks with respect to belly freight transports and how to model the problem issue and its data. The model identifies an optimal set of aircraft routes minimizing the total costs of air transportation for the system, provided that the network design is fixed (integrated flight networks with fixed hub and non-hub airports and determined allocated slots). Concerning belly freight demand and freight capacity in combination carrier real world based assumptions are made. The cost function related to the model covers the total costs of belly freight transportation comprising operational based and haul-line based cost types. Belly freight is thereby treated as a by-product of passenger transport in the model.

The model is then applied to the post-merger-network-integration of the Austrian Airlines and Swiss networks. The latter flag carriers were recently taken over by the Lufthansa holding. One of the goals of the study is to gain more detailed insights whether the air product belly freight transport is part of the decision of a takeover of an airline. The research is done on a real world scenario. Real world data is involved in the test problem data of the research, e.g. the air freight statistics data, the official flight schedules and flight frequencies of Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines and Swiss, the actual freight capacities of the operating combination aircrafts are considered. The premises of the network integration are carved out and the implications on the post-merger-network-integration are exposed. The relevant legal and competition conditions are analyzed and subsumed to the problem issue. Additionally the strategic competition behavior between the airport operator and the airline company is explained by modeling it as a behavior game with respect to game theory in Operations Research.

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