Beyond Divine Coincidence

On the Supply-side Effects of Monetary Policy

Palek, Jakob

kassel university press, ISBN: 978-3-7376-0048-4, 2016, 110 Pages

URN: urn:nbn:de:0002-400496

DOI: 10.19211/KUP9783737600491

Zugl.: Kassel, Univ., Diss. 2015

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Content: During the so-called Great Moderation the variability of output, employment and inflation declined substantially in most of the major economies. Because of this positive co-movement the ultimate objective of monetary policy was clear. By stabilizing inflation output will also stay at its potential and the central bank does not face any trade-off between its targets – a situation known as the divine coincidence. With the onset of the financial crisis 2007 these relationships changed. This book contributes to the research on the optimal macroeconomic policy design in the presence of financial frictions. These are incorporated via the cost channel approach into a two-country currency union model. Ultimately, a supply-side effect arises which lowers the efficiency of monetary policy - divine coincidence is not possible any more. Three questions are in the focus of interest of this analysis: What is the optimal monetary policy in the presence of country-specific financial frictions? What role can fiscal policy play? Is macroprudential policy able to improve welfare if the central bank targets a financial stability measure?

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